Cilo, Turkey’s third highest Mountain with height of 4,116 meters (13,500 ft), feels the impact of climate change, which eats away son glacier.
The mountain ranges extending between the center region of southeastern turkish province of Hakkari and son Yüksekova district and home has a national park, welcomes the most grand from the country valley glacier. The glacier has been granted the status of “sensitive area area” for its preservation two years ago, as scientists examined the state of the glacier detected the rate of merger in the past three decades at 48%.
The state of the glacier was mentioned by the Minister of Environment, Urban Planning and Climate Change Murat Kurum during son speech to turkey first Climate Council held in central province of Konya last week. Kurum had noted that the 20,000-year-the old glacier was melting day by day like a result of climate change.
The glacier, a popular destination for climbers, is a shadow of son former self, according to the researchers.
Associate professor Onur Satir of Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, who is one of the researchers studying the glacier, says the effect of global warming is “clear.”
“The losses disrupted the integrity of the glacier and it looks like they will continue in the future too,” he told Anadolu Agency (AA) on Monday. Şatır noted only about 530 hectares (1310 acres) of the ice remained intact in the area where the glacier is. A study conducted by Şatır and his fellow researchers showed masses of ice cream on slopes exposed to direct sunlight had massively melted. “This process, unfortunately, splits the glacier, and each separate part of the main body is subject to a faster merging process,” he said.
The glacier extends over a area of about 7,500 hectares and Şatır says preservation efforts were essential to avoid further losses. “The combined human factor with global warming may accelerate melting,” he said.
Professor Mehmet Nuri Bodur of Hakkari University, who studied climate change in 2018 expedition to Turkey in Antarctic, says climate change affects all glaciers in the country. “Turkey is home to the dating of glaciers back about 2 ago millions of years. Our latest observations show the merging process is accelerating. This leaves a great impact at once on microclimates and ecosystem. This also affects agriculture and livestock,” he said. Bodur pointed out out that the climatic conditions in the region where is Cilo are more exposed to drought these days. “The glaciers are shrinking more compared to the past years,” he warned.
Ali Kemal Atli, who lead the ministry of Van Directorate for Environment, Urban Planning and Climate Change in load of the conversation of Cilo and its surroundings, says they were trying to protect the glacier. “This place has been declared a conservation area in 2019 and is closed to all types of human intervention,” he said.
According to the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF), more that a third of the world’s remaining glaciers will melt before 2100 even if humanity manages to limit combustion emissions of fossil fuels. Ice Covered Surfaces of The earth reflects the excess heat back in spaceand if these are reduced by melting, temperatures rise same more. Melting of the glaciers also add at sea level rise, which increases coastal erosion and high storm surges. And water held by glaciers can be released by sudden collapse.
the amount of ice cream in glaciers around the world is 20% lower than forecast, which could put a strain on on people who depend on these glaciers for freshwater, according to a new study published this month in Nature Geoscience, a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal. From analysis more over 800,000 pairs of pictures of glaciers caught in 2017-2018, the study”found that many were shallower than previously assessed.” “Scientists now estimate that there is 20% less glacial ice present with the potential to melt into the ocean and raise sea levels,” he reported.
However, since Greenland and Antarctica (not included in the study) are the main engines of sea level risela new data should not have a grand impact on that menace. On the other hand, some 1.9 billion people who to depend on glacial runoff for drinking water and agriculture could feel the effects global warming is melting these springs of the water. According to the study, while the Asian Himalayas contain 37% more ice than previously estimated, Andean glaciers in South America contain about 27% less ice.
the lead author of the researchRomain Millan, glaciologist at the University Grenoble Alpes based in France, said in high resolution satellites allowed them to do first To analyse of how 98% of the worldglaciers are movingfrom small glaciers in from the Andes to massive glaciers in Svalbard, Norway and Patagonia, at the tip of South America. The parts of the world set the most affected are the Andes, it added.