A new round of talks involving the Syrian Constitutional Committee with a view to finding a solution to 11-year war in the country will resume for five days from March 21 in Geneva, the office of the special United Nations envoy on Syria announced Friday.
the last these talks, which involved both the regime and the opposition, ended in Geneva on October 22, 2021, and were called a “disappointment” by the special envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen at the time.
the special the envoy office says that the seventh round of the Petit Corps Constitutional Committee will meet behind closed doors in Geneva but not at the European headquarters of the UN at the Palais des Nations.
“The Constitutional Commission will meet in closed sessions and off-site,” the statement read.
Pedersen told the UN Security Council in new York on February 25: “Militarily, the front lines remain no change, but we still see all the signs of an ongoing burning conflict.
“Any of a number of from points lightning could trigger a larger conflagration. We continue to see mutual bombings, skirmishes, IEDs (improvised explosive devices) and security incidents on the front lines in northwest, northeast and southwest.
“It is clear that there is an impasse, that there is acute suffering and that a political solution is the only way out. This requires a Syrian-led and Syrian-owned political process, which must be supported by international diplomacy – however hard that is to say, and especially at this time,” he said. added.
When the last round of talks are over on October 22 last yearPedersen said: “Today’s talks have been a huge disappointment.”
“We didn’t achieve what we hoped to achieve. I think we misunderstood of how for move this process forward. So, in the end was the government delegation which decided not to present any new text”, it added.
UN chief calls for political solution
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres on Friday called for a political solution to the civil war in Syria, which began 11 years ago and devastated the country and its people.
Civil war began when Bashar al-Assad’s regime cracked down on pro-democracy protesters. Hundreds of thousands of people have since been killed and millions more displaced, according to UN estimates.
“We can not fail the syrian people. The conflict must end. The right international humanitarianism must be respected,” said António Guterres. in A declaration. “I call on all parties to meaningfully engage in the political process facilitated by the UN and the call for further away support to scale up the humanitarian response. We must choose peace.”
Guterres said that past 11 years old of brutal conflict demanded an inadmissible human cost costet”millions of internally displaced and refugees struggle to survive in the most difficult circumstances.”
But, he argued, “we must not lose hope” and move beyond “rhetorical commitments” to peace and do whatever is necessary to reach a negotiated political solution in line with Security Council resolution 2254 (2015). “It’s the path to a solution that meets the aspirations of all Syrians,” he said.
The UN chief called for ensure greater access to respond to needs of people Across the country. “Cross-border and cross-border deliveries are essential to achieve millions of people in need,” he said.
Guterres also urged for “collective action” to end the practice of arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance of tens of thousands of people. “It’s time to answer the urgent calls of families across Syria who seek to clarify the fate and whereabouts of their missing relatives,” he said. “As families seek truth for their loved ones, thousands continue to languish in the jails in unimaginable conditions.”
The Constitutional Committee was created in September 2019 and first reunited a month later.
Security Council Resolution 2254 Passed Unanimously on December 18, 2015. He called for a ceasefirefire and political settlement in Syria. The resolution demanded that all parties immediately cease all attacks against civilian targets, urged all Member States to support efforts to achieve a ceasefirefire and called on the UN to convene the parties to engage in formal negotiations in beginning of January 2016. The resolution also stressed that free and fair elections will be held under UN supervision. The political transition will be Syrian-led.
UN Resolution 2254 has been invoked by Iran, Russia and Turkey as a legal basis for the political process required for solve the Syrian conflict, first round of the Astana talks in January 2017. The first Meet of the Astana process has been in Turkey in January 2017 to facilitate UN-sponsored peace talks in Geneva.
For years, the Assad regime ignored the needs and safety of the syrian people only aiming for extra gains of territory and aimed at crushing the opposition. The scheme has for years have bombed civilian facilities such as schools, hospitals and residential areas, causing displacement of almost half of that of the country population.
The situation of the people in Idleb worsened when the Assad regime launched a offensive on the province, causing the most grand one-temporal displacement in the history of the Syrian civil war and a huge humanitarian tragedy, according to the UN
The Idlib de-escalation zone was forged as part of an agreement between Turkey and Russia. the area Has been subject of multiple stop-fire agreements, which have been frequently violated by the Assad regime and its allies.